Proteins and amino acids

14. May 2019

What are proteins?

Proteins are made up of amino acids and form chain-linked macromolecules by peptide bonds. According to rough estimates, the human body has nearly 50.000 different types of proteins. Each cell contains approximately 4.000 to 5.000 proteins that take over important functions in the body.

In short:  Proteins are the building block of all human cells.

Why are proteins so important?

Unfortunately, our body is unable, or only partially able, to produce proteins itself. For this, it is essentially to include proteins in our daily diet. Inadequate protein intake can cause an imbalance of important bodily functions and lead to illnesses or deficiency symptoms.

Proteins and their function

In our body proteins take over many specific functions, such as:

  • Production of endogenous proteins like enzymes, hormones and antibodies (immune proteins)
  • Muscle building and preservation of muscle tissue
  • Formation of organ tissue during growth or pregnancy
  • Production of signaling neurotransmitters (adrenaline) and biogenic amines (histamine)
  • Amino acids provide amino groups for the formation of many important substances (porophyrin, constituent of haemoglobin)
  • Synthesis of glucose when hungry (glucogenic amino acids)
  • Source of energy (17kJ = 4 kcal) per gram of protein

What’s the recommended daily allowance of protein?

According to the German Nutrition Society (DGE) adults aged between 19 and 65 should take 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day. Therefore, with a reference body weight of 60 kilograms, 48 grams of protein should be taken with the food every day.

Which foods contain protein?

Especially, foods such as fish, meat or dairy products are very high in protein. But also natural plant based products like almonds, nuts or legumes can also score points for a high protein content. Vegetable protein powders like almond protein, hemp protein, rice protein or pea protein are ideal dietary supplements for athletes, vegans or vegetarians.

Use in the food industry

Our plant based protein powders such as almond protein or rice protein are versatile in the food industry and can be used as an ingredient for vegan cheese or meat substitutes, protein shakes, fitness drinks like protein water, protein bars, protein cereals, protein pudding, protein waffles and many other food applications.

For further information on the use of our plant based raw materials in the food industry, our team is always at your disposal and will gladly advise you on appropriate products out of our portfolio.


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